Amblyopia is additionally called “lazy eye.” it’s an eye fixed problem that starts in infancy. Amblyopia is the commonest explanation for vision problems in children. It happens when one eye doesn’t work properly with the brain. The brain favors the attention that does work correctly. This causes a loss of vision within the other eye.
Amblyopia usually affects just one of the eyes. Sometimes it can affect both. it’s important to detect amblyopia in your child early and treat it promptly. If you do, he or she presumably won’t have long-term vision problems. Left untreated, it can cause severe vision problems, including legal blindness.
The Symptoms Of Amblyopia
Amblyopia usually starts between birth and age 7. Symptoms in your child could include:
Eyes that don’t work together.
One eye that wanders inward or outward.
Squinting, shutting one eye, or tilting the top to seem at something.
Problems with depth perception.
An upper eyelid that droops.
What causes amblyopia?
All babies are born with poor eyesight. As they get older, their vision continues to enhance. permanently eyesight, both eyes got to provide an equivalent clear, focused image. Some children develop conditions that cause problems with their vision. These problems can cause the kid to urge a special picture from each eye. The child’s brain naturally tries to repair this problem by blocking out the weaker picture. If the matter isn’t fixed when the kid is young, the child’s brain will always ignore pictures from the weak eye. This causes amblyopia.
Any condition that forestalls the attention from focusing clearly can cause amblyopia. the three commonest conditions are:
Strabismus (also called crossed eyes) – The eyes don’t line up within the same direction. this is often the foremost common explanation for amblyopia.
Refractive error – This includes nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism. it’s more likely to cause amblyopia if the error is bigger in one eye.
Cataracts – These cause clouding within the lens of the attention. Cataracts in children are uncommon.
Some children have a better risk of getting amblyopia. These include children who:
Were born prematurely.
Were small at birth.
Have a case history of amblyopia.
Have developmental disabilities.
If you notice any of the above symptoms in your child, even when he or she is an infant, call your doctor. He or she is going to do an eye fixed exam. they’re going to ask about symptoms, case history, and risk factors.
Otherwise, children should have an initial eye checkup between the ages of three and 5.
Can amblyopia be prevented or avoided?
Amblyopia can’t be prevented. But vision loss resulting from it are often avoided. Watch your child’s vision habits. If you’ve got any concerns, call your doctor. When amblyopia is caught and treated early, children should be ready to keep most of their vision. If it’s left untreated past the age of 10, they’re going to probably have vision problems for the remainder of their life. Early detection is the key to preventing vision loss.
Treatment for amblyopia involves the kid using the weaker eye more. This helps the attention get stronger. to form the kid use the weaker eye, he or she is going to wear an adhesive patch over the stronger eye. most youngsters wear their patches 2 to six hours each day.
Sometimes, eye drops or special glasses are wont to blur the vision within the stronger eye. This also makes the weaker eye work harder and strengthens it. Glasses or contact lenses can fix problems with nearsightedness or farsightedness. Surgery could also be needed for cataracts, droopy eyelids, or crossed eyes.
Treatment usually lasts until vision is normal, or until vision stops recuperating . for many children, this takes several weeks to many months. a couple of children got to use eye patches until they’re 8 to 10 years old.
There’s a little chance that using an eye fixed patch for too long can hurt the strong eye. Children who are wearing eye patches should see their doctor often during the treatment.